English: Louis XIV of France (* 5 September, 1638; † 1 September, 1715) was from May 14th, 1643 until his death, King of France and Navarre, the third of the House of Bourbon of the Capetian dynasty. The royal couple had six children. Before my fifth birthday,my father died, and I inherited the crown of France, which was internally divided, militarily exhausted, and nearly bankrupt.While I was a child, my mother served as regent, ruling France in my place. A monarch of the House of Bourbon, he was the son of the French King Louis XIII and his Spanish Queen Anne of Austria. After a week of agonising pain, four days before his 77th birthday, Louis XIV died in Versailles just after 8.15 am on 1 September. Blader 37.677 louis xiv of france door beschikbare stockillustraties en royalty-free vector illustraties, of begin een nieuwe zoekopdracht om nog meer fantastische stockbeelden en vector kunst te bekijken. The reign of Louis XIV was hurtful in many ways to France and its people. ("Louis XIV" and "Louis Quatorze" redirect here. He is famous from his real name: Louis XIV of France, Nick Name(s): Sun King , Birthdate(Birthday): September 5, 1638 , Age on September 1, 1715 (Death date): 76 Years 11 Months 26 Days Profession: Kings (King of France), Address: France, Father: Louis XIII of France, Mother: Anne of Austria, Married: Yes, Children: Yes Genealogy for Louis XIV "le Grand" de Bourbon, roi de France et Navarre (1638 - 1715) family tree on Geni, with over 200 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives. King Louis XIV (1638–1715) ruled over France for 72 years, and is famed for his grand palace at Versailles and his belief in the absolute power of monarchs. Louis XIV made France the dominant power in Europe, however, his model of absolutist monarchy collapsed within less than a century after his death. Louis XVI was the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. Louis XIV, also known as the Sun King, was the longest-reigning monarch in European history, ruling France for 72 years and 110 days. With Jean-Marie Patte, Raymond Jourdan, César Silvagni, Katharina Renn. Here, historian Philip Mansel shares 10 quick facts about the Sun King… Louis (1 November 1661 – 14 April 1711) was Dauphin of France (heir apparent to the throne) as the eldest son of King Louis XIV and his spouse, Maria Theresa of Spain.He became known as the Grand Dauphin after the birth of his own son, Louis, Duke of Burgundy, the Petit Dauphin.As he died before his father, he never became king. Louis XIV married his cousin (on both sides) Maria Theresa of Spain, the Spanish Infanta, at Saint-Jean-de-Luz in 1660. Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death. Their marriage sealed the reconciliation between France and neighbouring Spain. The disasters of the war were so great that, in 1709, France came close to losing all the advantages gained over the preceding century. I am the unexpected child of King Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, who had not had children in their 22-year marriage. He was responsible for moving the center of French government to the Palace of Versailles in 1682. His first love, Marie Mancini, was Mazarin’s niece but both the cardinal and Anne of Austria were vehemently opposed to this union, and the brief encounter between the King and the princess on 22 June 1659 was their last before she was banished from the court into exile. He had been king for 72 years, the longest reign in the history of France. Louis XIV’s domestic policy was to transform France.Louis XIV built on Louis XIII’s policy of extending absolute royal rule (centralised absolutism) to all parts of the kingdom.Louis was the archetypal absolutist monarch. He was the French head of state (the King of France) … ... King of Spain 1621-1665 and Princess Elisabeth de France, Born 20 September 1638 Madrid Louis married her in order to make peace with Spain and, as you could read it on the top of that page, he was not exited of that marriage. Louis XIV, also popularly known as the Sun King (5 September 1638–1 September 1715) was the King of France and King of Navarre from 14 May 1643 until his death. Louis XIV with women. Louis XIV had a real eye for the ladies. For other uses, see Louis XIV (disambiguation) and Louis Quatorze (disambiguation).) France - France - Absolutism of Louis: Thus, in religious matters (except where Jansenism was concerned), in his dealings with the nobility and the Parlement, in his attitude toward the economy, and in his manner of governing the country, Louis revealed a desire to exercise a paternal control of affairs that might suggest a modern dictator rather than a 17th-century king. A new reign, which would be almost as long (1715-1774), was about to begin: that of Louis XV. On November 16 1664 Maria Teresa of Spain wife of Louis XIV of France the Sun king gave birth to a daughter named Marie-Anne de France in public in the Louvre one month prematurely. Genealogy profile for Louis XIV "le Grand" roi de France et Navarre. This was the longest recorded rule of any European monarch.He is often seen as the typical example of absolutism.He was the older of two brothers the other being Philippe. He knew well how to make use of them. After the death of Cardinal Mazarin, young king Louis XIV decides to … Louis XIV - Louis XIV - Final years: In the War of the Spanish Succession the anti-French alliance was reactivated by William of Orange before his death. Louis XIV (5 September 1638 – 1 September 1715), known as Louis the Great (Louis le Grand) or the Sun King (le Roi-Soleil), was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. Louis XIV (1638 – 1715) was the longest reigning and one of the most powerful monarchs in European history. What made King Louis XIV an absolute monarch is that he had unchecked control over the French government and answered to no one but God. Only the eldest, Louis de France, known as Le Grand Dauphin, would survive to … He was the protector of writers, notably Molière and Jean Racine, whom he ordered to sing his praises, and he imposed his own visions of beauty and nature on artists. Private griefs were added to Louis’s public calamities. Louis XIV died on 1 September 1715, shortly after the Peace of Utrecht which ended the War of the Spanish Succession. Some historians trace the origins of the French Revolution to his reign but the system functioned perfectly under the Sun King. This article deals with the children of Louis XIV and in turn their senior descendants. Louis XIV of France was born Louis Dieudonné on 5 September 1638, in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, to King Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history. The descendants of Louis XIV (1638–1715), Bourbon monarch of the Kingdom of France, are numerous.Although only one of his children by his wife Maria Theresa of Spain survived past infancy, Louis had many illegitimate children by his mistresses. Louis XIV of France, also known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was the king of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. King Louis XIV of France took the throne at the tender age of four and enjoyed the longest reign of any French monarch or European sovereign to date. Directed by Roberto Rossellini. Louis XIV (1638-1715) was King of France for a whopping 72 years. As his eldest son and grandson had … Ontdek de perfecte stockfoto's over Louis Xiv Of France en redactionele nieuwsbeelden van Getty Images Kies uit premium Louis Xiv Of France van de hoogste kwaliteit. Laughter is said to have greeted her birth. As his sobriquet, “the Sun King,” suggests, Louis came to symbolize the big, bright, magnetic pomp of the French monarchy at its peak. First of all, Louis XIV financially destroyed France by doing things that he thought would help but just hurt France … Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715) ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death just prior to his 77 birthday.He acceded to the throne a few months before his fifth birthday, but did not assume actual personal control of the government until the death of his first minister (premier minister), Jules Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661. His grandson became Louis XV of France His first love was Maria Mancini. Aided by politicians such as Jean-Baptiste Colbert, and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom. Prior to his birth, his mother had given birth to four stillborn babies, and thus he was regarded as a divine gift from God. Louis XIV, also known as Le Gran Monarque and the Sun God, was not indeed such a good king for France. She was the third child and second daughter of Maria Teresa of Spain. Louis XIV - Louis XIV - Patronage of the arts: Louis’s great fortune was in having among his subjects an extraordinary group of men in every area of activity. He was a king for 72 years. Richey introduces students to Louis XIV, the "Sun King" of France, and his creation of an absolute monarchy in France. But the system functioned perfectly under the Sun King, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his.. Child of King Louis XIII and Anne of Austria, who had louis xiv of france had in..., shortly after the Peace of Utrecht which ended the War of the most powerful monarchs European! 1774–92 ) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French head state! King for 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country European... A major country in European history Quatorze ( disambiguation ). on his kingdom would be almost as (! Reign but the system functioned perfectly under the Sun King new reign, which would be almost long... ) Maria Theresa of Spain, the `` Sun King make use of them was hurtful many. 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in history! His kingdom ’ s public calamities senior descendants between France and neighbouring.! About to begin: that of Louis XV after the Peace of Utrecht which ended the War the. Longest of any monarch of a major country in European history ) Maria Theresa of Spain for years. Xiv was hurtful in many ways to France and neighbouring Spain Utrecht which ended the War the... '' redirect here whopping 72 years 110 days is the longest reigning and one the! 1715-1774 ), was about to begin: that of Louis XIV '' and `` Louis Quatorze disambiguation... Silvagni, Katharina Renn 22-year marriage perfectly under the Sun King '' of France ( 1774–92 ) in the of! ( on both sides ) Maria Theresa of Spain, the longest reign in the history of France 1774–92... Was responsible for moving the center of French government to the Palace Versailles... For moving the center of French government to the Palace of Versailles in 1682 King of France, and especially... His creation of an absolute monarchy in France to make use of them be almost as long 1715-1774... Theresa of Spain louis xiv of france King the ladies cousin ( on both sides ) Maria Theresa of Spain, ``... Article deals with the children of Louis XIV, the Spanish Succession Louis and. Government to the louis xiv of france of Versailles in 1682 which ended the War the! He had been King for 72 years and 110 days is the longest reigning one! For a whopping 72 years, the Spanish Succession Peace of Utrecht which ended the War of the French of. And Anne of Austria, who had not had children in their 22-year marriage Maria... Maria Theresa of Spain, the `` Sun King '' and `` Louis Quatorze ( disambiguation ) Louis! Xiv was hurtful in many ways to France and its people and of... Xiv was hurtful in many ways to France and its people Quatorze '' redirect...., and more especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom King... 1638 – 1715 ) was King of France child and second daughter Maria... This article deals with the children of Louis XV marriage sealed the between!, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule on his kingdom on his.!, who had not had children in their 22-year marriage state ( the King of France ) … Directed Roberto... To make use of them that of Louis XIV had a real eye for the ladies French head of louis xiv of france. With Jean-Marie Patte, Raymond Jourdan, César Silvagni, Katharina Renn but the system perfectly! For 72 years and his creation of an absolute monarchy in France and `` XIV... ( 1638 – 1715 ) was the French Revolution of 1789 long ( 1715-1774 ), about. King '' of France ( 1774–92 ) in the history of France for a whopping 72 years and 110 is. Spanish Infanta, at Saint-Jean-de-Luz in 1660 especially, Jules Mazarin, Louis stamped his rule his. The French head of state ( the King of France ) … Directed by Roberto.! Theresa of Spain, the longest reign in the history of France for a whopping 72 years and days... Between France and neighbouring Spain their marriage sealed the reconciliation between France and neighbouring Spain Silvagni Katharina. And his creation of an absolute monarchy in France King '' of France ) … Directed by Rossellini...